Objective To analyze the rationality of emergency medication in the West China Hospital after Lushan earthquake based on the actual drug use of earthquake victims.
Methods We applied DDDs and DUI as evaluation index, input data using Excel software, and analyzed if the emergency medication was required for the injury/illness and the rationality of emergency medication.
Results Earthquake victims mainly had trauma and wound infection and they were given antibiotics as main treatment one week after the earthquake. Drugs for the respiratory system and digestive system were mainly used in patients who mainly manifested as non-traumatic diseases and internal diseases four weeks after the earthquake. Among 49 kinds of drugs which could be calculated for the value of DUI, injection accounted for a larger proportion than non-injection (59.18% vs. 40.82%). The results showed that, the medication (DUI=1) only accounted for 12.24%; the medication (DUI lt;1, Mean=0.65) accounted for 38.78%, which implied insufficient drug use; the medication (DUI gt;1, Mean=1.77) accounted for 46.94%, which implied drug overuse.
Conclusion Medication for every system is basically timely and rational when treating symptoms and causes in the West China Hospital within one month after Lushan earthquake. However, the rationality of emergency medications using DUI=1 under normal conditions still needs to be further verified.
Citation： JIN Zhaohui,XU Ting,LI Youping,GU Jinjian,WANG Miye,LU Jing,WU Bin. Rationality of Emergency Medication in the West China Hospital within One Month after Lushan Earthquake. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine, 2013, 13(9): 1025-1031. doi: 10.7507/1672-2531.20130177 Copy