ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical medicine of Sichuan University graduate students degree of satisfaction about the tutors’ performance of the responsibility from all aspects, providing the basis to enhance the guidance level of tutors and to improve the quality of graduate students. MethodsA total of 1 589 graduate students from the 2014 to 2016 session of West China School of Medicine in Sichuan University were investigated by self-made questionnaires.ResultsClinical medical graduate students’ satisfaction of the tutor performance of the responsibility rate was 90.94%, significantly higher than the national graduate level (P<0.001); the highest rating was the evaluation of the ideological and moral cultivation of the tutor (which rate was 96.55%), the lowest satisfaction rate was on the responsibility of caring about the living conditions of students (which rate was 89.79%); There were differences of gender and education level in graduate students degree of satisfaction about the tutors’ performance of the responsibility (P<0.001), male graduate satisfaction was higher than that of female graduate students, doctoral student satisfaction was higher than that of postgraduates. ConclusionThe system of strengthen tutors education responsibility teacher education system of Sichuan University is effective, and the condition of implement tutors responsibility of education is good, but still need to enhance the duty of tutor about caring more on graduate students mental health and living status.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the safety and necessity of recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection by comparing the complications and prognosis of patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury receiving different recurrent laryngeal lymph node resections.MethodsWe reviewed the clinical data of 153 patients with stage T1N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical esophageal cancer surgery at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2014 to May 2016. Among them, 125 were male and 28 were female, at an average age of 62 years. All patients underwent bilateral recurrent laryngeal nodes sampling. They were divided into 3 groups according to the dissection situation: patients with only one recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection on both sides during the operation were treated as a sampling group (n=49); patients with only one recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection on one side and more than one recurrent laryngeal lymph nodes resection on the other side were treated as a unilateral dissection group (n=49); patients with more than one recurrent laryngeal lymph nodes resection on both sides were treated as a bilateral dissection group (n=55). Follow-up was performed to compare the prognostic differences among the three groups. Seven days after the operation, the vocal cords of the patients were examined with an electronic laryngoscope and classified using the Clavien-Dindo system. The differences in complications related to recurrent laryngeal nerve injury among the three groups were compared.ResultsThe 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of the patients in the sampling group, unilateral dissection group and bilateral dissection group was 66.8%, 88.5%, 93.8%, respectively. There was statistical difference between the sampling group and the unilateral dissection group or the bilateral dissection group (P<0.05), and no statistical difference between the unilateral dissection group and the bilateral dissection group (P>0.05). The incidence of complications among the three groups was not statistically different (P>0.05).ConclusionFor patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma of stage T1N0M0, the lymph nodes of the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerves should be removed during the operation as many as possible, which will help improve the 5-year survival rate of the patients.
ObjectiveTo analyze the feasibility and advantages of non-intubated anesthesia in thoracoscopic lobectomy.MethodsThe clinical data of 59 patients with thoracoscopic lobectomy and non-intubated anesthesia in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tongji Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, including 24 males and 35 females, aged 56.86±7.13 years (an observation group); 59 patients with thoracoscopic lobectomy undergoing general anesthesia with tracheal intubation in the same period were randomly selected, as a control group, including 27 males and 32 females, aged 55.37±6.86 years. Complications such as airway injury, refractory cough, pharyngalgia, nausea and vomiting were compared between the two groups. Postoperative inflammatory factor levels, postoperative hospital stay, and intraoperative and postoperative hospitalization costs were also compared.ResultsThere was no difference between the two groups in general conditions such as age, gender, body mass index. There was also no difference in operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume or lymph node dissection. But the observation group had lower levels of procalcitonin and C reactive protein at postoperative 1 d (0.12±0.51 ng/ml vs. 0.14±0.70 ng/ml, P=0.03; 11.30±3.60 mg/L vs. 13.33±4.41 mg/L, P=0.01), lower rate of postoperative complications of refractory cough, pharyngalgia, nausea and vomiting (3.38% vs. 15.25%, P=0.03; 5.08% vs. 20.33%, P=0.01; 3.38% vs. 15.25%, P=0.03), less retain time of thoracic duct, postoperative hospital stay, and lower intraoperative and postoperative hospitalization costs (5.89±1.37 d vs. 7.00±1.73 d, P=0.00; 10.01±1.85 d vs. 11.37±2.45 d, P=0.00; 53 810.94±5 745.44 yuan vs. 58 223.16±6 445.08 yuan, P=0.00).ConclusionThoracoscopic lobectomy with non-intubated anesthesia can avoid traditional airway injury caused by endotracheal intubation, reduce postoperative symptoms such as refractory cough, pharyngalgia, nausea and vomiting caused by general anesthesia, reduce or even avoid lung injury caused by one-side lung ventilation, promote recovery after surgery, reduce antibiotic use, and shorten hospital stay, which is more consistent with the requirements of the concept of overall minimal invasiveness and enhanced recovery.
Objective To analyze the causes of internal fixation failure after internal fixation of NI-Ti memory alloy patella claw for patella fracture, and to explore the countermeasures. Methods The clinical data of patients with patellar fracture treated by internal fixation of NI-Ti memory alloy patella claw in the second ward of Chongqing Orthopedic Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from May 2015 to April 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. And identify the patients with postoperative internal fixation failure, analyze the cause of internal fixation failure. Results A total of 436 patients were included and all were followed up. Among these patients, 10 patients had failure of internal fixation. There were 6 cases (1.37%) of patellar claw detachment and displacement of fracture mass, 4 cases (0.92%) with simple displacement of fracture block and unevenness of articular surface. The failure time of internal fixation occurred 4-48 days after operation, with an average of (18.20±10.86)days. The failure causes of internal fixation were smaller type of patellar claw, absence of selection of the auxiliary internal fixator, the auxiliary internal fixator was selected but not fixed properly, improper functional exercise after surgery, skill level of the surgeon. Conclusion The failure of internal fixation after internal fixation of patella fracture NI-Ti memory alloy patella claw is mainly related to the choice of appropriate patella claw type, the choice of auxiliary internal fixation, the appropriate early postoperative functional exercise, and the skill level of the surgeon.
Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) after Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). Methods The following databases and periodicals such as PubMed (Jan. 1980 to Jan. 2009), MEDLINE (1980 to 2009), EBSCOhost (Jan. 1975 to Jan. 2009), CALIS (1984 to 2009), CNKI (1979 to 2007), VIP (1989 to 2009), CBM (1978 to 2009); Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1988 to 2008), Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (1996 to 2008) were searched by computer and handwork for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about TCM to treat CRS after ESS. The trial screening, quality assessment, and the data extraction of the included trials were conducted before performing statistical analyses by using RevMan 4.2.10 software. Results A total of 32 RCTs in three sub-groups in Chinese literatures were identified with meta-analyses in comparisons of the cure rate (OR=1.99, 95%CI 1.78 to 2.23), total effective rate (OR=2.66, 95%CI 2.20 to 3.22), degree I postoperative improvement rate (OR=2.22, 95%CI 1.60 to 3.06), total postoperative improvement rate (OR=8.77, 95%CI 1.09 to 70.64), postoperative clean time (OR=2.54, 95%CI 1.70 to 3.79), postoperative epithelization time (OR= –29.46, 95%CI –37.73 to –21.18), and mucociliary transport rate (OR=1.14, 95%CI 0.22 to 2.06). A total of 4 RCTs were meta-analyzed to evaluate the safety in comparisons of gastrointestinal reaction (OR=0.25, 95%CI 0.00 to 33.78) and local reaction (OR=0.03, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.12). Conclusion The current evidence shows TCM in treating CRS after ESS tends to improve the clinical efficacy and reduce the cure time without obvious adverse reaction. Due to the low methodological quality of included trials, more RCTs with high quality and large scale are required.
There was a male novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia (COVID-19) patient after pulmonary surgery at age of 61 years. The patient had no clear history of contact COVID-19 patient before surgery. He developed transient fever on the 4th day after surgery. The body temperature returned to normal on the 5th day after antibiotic adjustment. The patient developed fever and fatigue again on the 6th day after surgery. A chest CT scan revealed postoperative pneumonia. The patient was treated by ganciclovir and moxifloxacin hydrochloride. The patient's temperature gradually decreased on the 7th to 9th days after the operation. CT scan on the 10th day after surgery showed viral pneumonia, so we immediately raised the level of protection. The novel coronavirus nucleic acid test was positive. The patient was immediately transferred to the designated hospital for treatment. The patient was treated by arbidol, moxifloxacin, human immunoglobulin (PH4), ambroxol and other nutritional symptomatic and supportive treatment. The patient's condition is currently stable. Ten people in close contact with the patient developed symptoms, and their CT scans showed viral pneumonia. Six of them were positive in nucleic acid tests, and the others were still under quarantine observation. This shows that it is easy to confuse the imaging manifestations of pneumonia with novel coronavirus pneumonia after lung surgery. We should perform nucleic acid detection as soon as possible in the early diagnosis of CT and reformulate the treatment protocol.