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find Author "HE Xia" 3 results
  • Evaluation of Rehabilitative Nursing Activities of Daily Living on Nursing after Pediatric Cerebral Palsy Surgery

    目的 探讨康复护理日常生活活动(RNADL)评定在小儿脑性瘫痪(脑瘫)手术后护理的价值。 方法 选择2012年6月-10月200例脑瘫术后患儿为研究对象,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组100例,采用 RNADL对两组患儿进行功能障碍分型判断及障碍等级评定,并分别实施相应治疗方案及护理措施,并就2个月后的康复效果进行评价。 结果 与入组时比较,观察组患儿在2个月时的RNADL评分显著增高(P<0.01),其2个月时重度障碍的患儿较对照组明显减少(P<0.05)。 结论 RNADL评定是脑瘫患儿康复治疗的前提和基础,通过正规RNADL评定后采取合理有效的康复治疗方案能明显改善患儿的日常生活能力。

    Release date:2016-09-07 02:33 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Effect of Multifactorial Intervention on Quality of Life and Cost-Effectiveness in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Objective To explore the effects on quality of life (QOL), the targeted rates of metabolic parameters and cost-effectiveness in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients who underwent multifactorial intensive intervention. Methods One hundred and twenty seven cases in an intensive intervention and 125 cases in a conventional intervention group were investigated by using the SF-36 questionnaire. The comparison of QOL and the targeted rates of metabolic parameters between the two groups were made. We assessed the influence factors of QOL by stepwise regression analysis and evaluated the efficiency by pharmacoeconomic cost-effectiveness analysis. Results The targeted rates of blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure with intensive policies were significantly higher than those with conventional policy (P<0.05). The intensive group’s role limitations due to physical problems (RP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), role limitation due to emotional problems (RE) and total scores after 6 months intervention were significantly higher than those of baseline (P<0.05). The vitality scores and health transition (HT) of the intensive group were better than those of the conventional group after 6 months intervention. But the QOL scores of the conventional group were not improved after intervention. The difference of QOL’s total scores after intervention was related to that of HbA1c. The total cost-effectiveness rate of blood glucose, blood lipid, blood pressure control and the total cost-effectiveness rate of QOL with intensive policy were higher than those with the conventional policy. Conclusions Quality of life and the targeted rates of blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients with multifactorial intensive intervention policy are better and more economic than those with conventional policy.

    Release date:2016-09-07 02:25 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • The detection rate of cognitive impairment in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis

    ObjectiveTo systematically review the detection rate of cognitive impairment in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).MethodsPubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP databases were searched to collect studies on the detection rate of cognitive impairment in Chinese patients with T2DM from inception to January 20th, 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias of included studies. Meta-analysis was then performed using Stata 12.0 software.ResultsA total of 27 studies involving 7 920 cases were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the total detection rate of cognitive impairment in Chinese patients with T2DM was 43.2% (95%CI 36.9% to 49.6%). The results of subgroup analysis showed that in T2DM patients, the detection rate of cognitive impairment in males was 42.4% (95%CI 34.4% to 50.4%), and that in females was 48.2% (95%CI 40.9% to 55.6%). The detection rate of cognitive impairment was 25.4% (95%CI 14.7% to 36.0%) in patients under the age of 60 years, and 47.0% (95%CI 30.0% to 64.0%) in patients aged 60 years or above. The detection rate of cognitive impairment among those with primary school education level or below was 67.1% (95%CI 48.9% to 85.3%). The detection rate of cognitive impairment was 37.1% (95%CI 27.3% to 46.8%) among those with education level of junior high school or above. The detection rate of cognitive impairment in patients with disease duration less than 10 years was 28.4% (95%CI 16.0% to 40.9%) and that in patients with disease duration more than 10 years was 50.6% (95%CI 33.2% to 68.0%). The detection rate of cognitive impairment in married individuals was 45.6% (95%CI 35.8% to 55.4%) and that in singles was 68.1% (95%CI 57.5% to 78.7%). The detection rate of cognitive impairment in smokers was 38.9% (95%CI 30.7% to 47.2%) and in non-smokers was 40.9% (95%CI 32.1% to 49.6%). The detection rate of cognitive impairment in drinkers was 35.6% (95%CI 27.3% to 44.0%) and that in non-drinkers was 41.8% (95%CI 32.2% to 51.4%).ConclusionsThe detection rate of cognitive impairment in Chinese patients with T2DM is high. Due to the quantity and quality of included studies, more high-quality studies are needed to verify the above conclusions.

    Release date:2021-07-22 06:20 Export PDF Favorites Scan
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