摘要:目的: 报道同卵双生子间肾移植效果,探讨免疫抑制剂及激素的使用、鉴定同卵双生子的方法以及术后随访。 方法 :个案报道结合文献综述。 结果 :手术获得成功。术后随访8月,患者恢复良好。 结论 :同卵双生间的肾移植安全有效,术后不需要使用免疫抑制剂也能维持移植肾功能正常。Abstract: Objective: Reported the effects of renal transplantation between identical twins,explored the use of immunosuppressive drugs and glucocorticoid, identification method of the identical twins and postoperative followup . Methods :Combining case report and literature review. Results :The operation is success.Followup in 8 months,the patient recover well. Conclusion : The renal transplantation between identical twins is safe and effective,the immunosuppressant is not need for the postoperative patients to maintain the graft`s function.
Objective To prevent bile duct injury, a new anatomy marker, named “common bile duct window” is created. Methods From November 2005 to March 2006, 60 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were researched in this hospital. All data were collected, including: age, gender, course of disease, body mass index (BMI), blood lipid level (triglyceride and cholesterol), the thickness of gallbladder wall and the degree of cholecystitis. The frequency, location and mean size of “common bile duct window” were recorded and calculated. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of “common bile duct window”, and the diference of data between two groups was analyzed by using χ2 test or t test. Results “Common bile duct window” was found at the end of hepatoduoduenal ligament with oval-shaped, the mean longitude of “common bile duct window” was (1.20±0.60) cm, and mean width was (0.45±0.30) cm. “Common bile duct window” were found in 81.6% (49/60) of patients. Age, gender, course of disease, BMI, triglyceride and cholesterol were proved to have no relationship with the presence of “common bile duct window” （Pgt;0.05）, but the thickness of gallbladder wall and the degree of cholecystitis affected the presence （P＜0.05）. Conclusion An oval-shaped “common bile duct window” can be found in almost all patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During the operation, the common bile duct can be located easily by the surgeon through “common bile duct window”, thereby to avoid common bile duct injury when the cyst duct was dissected. It is believed that during laparoscopic cholecystectomy the chances of bile duct injuries can be effectively decreased by the presence of “common bile duct window”.
目的 观察腹膜后巨淋巴结增殖症的治疗效果，探讨其临床表现、影像学特点、诊断、病理及治疗方法。 方法 30岁女性患者1例，因反复腹泻、右上腹胀2个月余，发现右侧腹膜后肿物20 d，于2011年8月22日入院。患者在全麻下行腹膜后肿物切除术。手术3个月后，复查腹部CT、血常规、生化等检查。并结合文献进行综述。 结果 手术过程顺利，完整切除肿物，术后病理检查示病变为巨淋巴结增殖症，透明血管型。术后3个月患者门诊随访，恢复良好，复查腹部CT未见肿物复发，血常规、生化等检查均无异常。 结论 该病较为少见，病因尚不明确，确诊需依赖病理组织学活检，手术切除为首选治疗，且预后好。
ObjectiveTo explore the effect of donation after citizen death (DCD) kidney transplantations performed in Sichuan.MethodsThe data of 97 cases of DCD kidney transplantations performed in West China Hospital of Sichuan University between January 2012 and March 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. The 53 donors were aged from 7 months to 54 years (with a median of 28 years, and lower quartile of 15 years and upper quartile of 45 years), including 40 males and 13 females; the causes of death included craniocerebral trauma in 21 cases, craniocerebral tumor in 12 cases, cerebrovascular accident in 15 cases, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in 4 cases, and hydrocephalus in 1 case. The 97 recipients were aged from 18 to 66 years (with a median of 39 years, and lower quartile of 30 years and upper quartile of 44 years), including 71 males and 26 females. The recipients were classified into C-Ⅰ (n=36) and C-Ⅲ (n=61) according to type of donation. The baseline and perioperative situation of the donors and recipients, and the postoperative kidney function, infection, recipient survival and kidney survival of the recipients were analyzed.ResultsAfter transplantation, none of primary graft nonfunction occurred but delayed graft function (DGF) occurred in 26 cases. There were no significant differences in creatinine level between C-Ⅰ and C-Ⅲ recipients at 1 week [(226.71±187.46) vs. (249.94±249.84) μmol/L, P=0.636], 1 month [(136.32±63.34) vs. (157.37±147.83) μmol/L, P=0.428], 3 months [(110.51±25.26) vs. (115.02±36.60) μmol/L, P=0.527] and 12 months [(103.42±21.57) vs. (104.18±39.36) μmol/L, P=0.911] after transplantation, as well as acute rejection [13.9% vs. 19.7%, P=0.469] and complications at early time after transplantation. There were no significant differences in 1-year recipient survival rate (91.7% vs. 93.4%) and 1-year kidney survival rate (100.0% vs. 91.8%) between C-Ⅰ and C-Ⅲ recipients.ConclusionDCD kidney transplantation has excellent short-term outcomes despite a high incidence of early DGF, and may represent another potential method to safely expand the donor pool.
Objective To explore the effect of kidney transplantation on chronic prostatitis-like symptoms. Methods A total of 300 male renal transplant recipients between January 2015 and January 2017 were collected in the study. All recipients received the questionnaire survey of the National Institute of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) preoperatively and at 3 months after transplantation. The score and relevant risk factors were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 210 recipients (70.0%) completed questionnaire effectively, in whom 150 (71.4%) had preoperative and 90 (42.9%) had postoperative chronic prostatitis-like symptoms, respectively. In the 210 patients, the preoperative and postoperative pain score was 6.57±3.12 vs. 3.57±3.16 (P<0.001), voiding score was 3.71±2.38vs. 3.29±2.66 (P=0.116), quality of life score was 7.57±1.60 vs. 5.14±2.75 (P<0.001), and the total NIH-CPSI score was 17.86±3.81vs. 12.00±6.65 (P<0.001), respectively. The severity of chronic prostatitis-like symptoms was alleviated significantly after kidney transplantation. Conclusion Kidney transplantation can alleviate the chronic prostatitis-like symptoms significantly, and improve the quality of life in uremia patients.