Objective To systematically review the effectiveness of Yindan Xinnaotong capsule for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Methods We electronically searched databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, CBM, CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data for published articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Yindan Xinnaotong capsule plus conventional drugs versus conventional drugs for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases from inception to April, 2016. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Then, meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. Results A total of 62 RCTs involving 6 306 patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that the improvement of symptoms, such as the total clinical effective rate of cerebrovascular disease indications (stroke) (RR=1.25, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.31,P<0.000 01), and the total clinical effective rate of cerebrovascular disease (ischemic headache) indications (RR=1.27, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.38,P<0.000 01), and the total clinical effective rate of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris (RR=1.21, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.25,P<0.000 01), were superior in the combination arm to the conventional drugs alone arm. Conclusion The current evidence shows that the combination of Yindan Xinnaotong capsule and conventional drugs may significantly improve the effectiveness. Due to the limited quality and quantity of the included studies, the above conclusions need more high quality studies to verify.
ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy and safety of Yangyinqingfei decoction for chronic cough and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients.MethodsWe electronically searched databases including PubMed, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, VIP and WanFang Data for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Yangyinqingfei decoction for chronic cough and COPD patients from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Then, RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis.ResultsTwenty-four RCTs involving 2 268 patients with COPD and chronic cough were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that compared with the control group, Yangyinqingfei decoction combined with the conventional medicine could significantly improve clinical effective rate (RR=1.21, 95%CI 1.16 to 1.27, P<0.000 01) and lung function (SMD=0.76, 95%CI 0.59 to 0.94, P<0.000 01) in patients with COPD. Yangyinqingfei decoction combined with the conventional medicine group was superior to the control group (RR=1.41, 95%CI 1.22 to 1.64, P<0.000 01) in clinical efficacy for adults patients with chronic cough. In terms of safety, seven cases occurred adverse reactions in the Yangyinqingfei decoction group, while 13 were found in the control group, the types and degree of adverse reactions in both groups were almost the same.ConclusionThe combination of Yangyinqingfei plus conventional medicine may significantly improve the clinical efficacy for chronic cough and COPD with reliable safety. However, due to the limited quality and quantity of included studies, the above conclusions are needed to verify by more high quality studies.
The risk of vertebral cortical shell fracture increases with aging. However, it remains unclear how aging contributes to cortex fracture at present. The aim of this study is to make understanding of the mechanism of how the spinal aging influences the cortical shell strain. Two finite element (FE) models of spinal segments (mildly and fully aged) were created, and then were compared to the FE models of the healthy spinal segment. The FE models of the aged spinal segments were generated by modifying both the geometry of the intervertebral disc (IVD) and the material properties of the spinal components. To find out under which case the cortical shell strain was influenced more, we created two types of FE model comparison methods: one with changes only in the spinal material properties and the other with changes only in the IVD geometry. The results showed that the cortical shell strains increased with aging and that compared to the changes of IVD geometry, the changes of spinal material property have a higher influence on the cortical shell strains. This study may suggest that for the prevention and treatment of vertebral cortex fracture, the augmentation of the vertebral body is a more effective treatment.
ObjectivesTo evaluate the methodological quality and the reliability of the conclusions of systematic reviews (SRs) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment for essential hypertension. MethodsPubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and WanFang Data databases were searched to collect the SRs which focused on the TCM for essential hypertension from January 2015 to June 2019. PRISMA statement, AMSTAR 2 tool and GRADE system were respectively applied to evaluate report quality, methodological quality and evidence quality assessment of included outcomes of SRs.ResultsA total of 25 SRs involving 65 outcomes were included. PRISMA evaluation results showed that the quality of 25 SRs reports was good. However, all studies did not report item 5 " Was an ‘a prior’ design provided?”. AMSTAR 2 tool evaluation results showed that the 25 SRs of quality levels were markedly low, where most problems concerned item 2 " If there is ‘a prior’ published in advance”, item 3 " Were reasons about selection of the study designs explained”, item 7 " Were the list of exclude of studies and justify the exclusions provided”, item 10 " Were the sources of funding for the studies reported”, and item 12 " If meta-analysis was performed, whether the author assesses the potential impact of risk of bias”. The results of grading showed that most outcomes were graded as " low” or " very low” quality. The main factors contributing to downgrading evidence quality were limitations, followed by inconsistencies, inaccuracies and publication bias.ConclusionsCurrent evidences shows that the treatment of essential hypertension by TCM has been supported by low quality evidence-based medical evidence. However, the SRs methodology for the treatment of essential hypertension by TCM is generally poor in quality and the standardization still require improvement.
ObjectiveTo overview the systematic reviews (SRs) on the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of atrial fibrillation.MethodsPubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, CBM, WanFang Data and VIP database were electronically searched to collect SRs of TCM in the treatment of atrial fibrillation from inception to July 2019. Two researchers independently screened literature, extracted data and then the methodological quality, reporting quality and evidence quality of the included documents were evaluated by AMSTAR2 tool, PRISMA statement and GRADE method.ResultsA total of 20 SRs were included. In which, 15 SRs evaluated clinical efficacy and 12 SRs analyzed adverse reactions. The methodological quality evaluation by AMSTAR2 was generally low and none of them being high quality, 1 of them being low quality and 19 of them being extremely low quality. The items with poor scores were item 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 and 16. The PRISMA score ranged from 14 to 22.5. The quality question of the report was mainly manifested in the aspects of scheme and registration, data item, other analysis methods and sources of fundings. Evidence quality evaluation of GRADE outcome indicators was generally low.ConclusionTraditional Chinese medicine for atrial fibrillation can improve clinical efficacy and reduce adverse reactions. The overall methodological quality of the included literature is not high, and the quality of evidence is generally low. It suggest that further high-quality clinical studies should be carried out to provide a basis for evaluating the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine in treatment of atrial fibrillation.
Objective To investigate the effectiveness of minimally invasive plate fixation in treatment of unstable pelvic fractures. Methods Between May 2006 and December 2009, 21 patients with unstable pelvic fractures were treated. There were 13 males and 8 females with an average age of 39 years (range, 21-66 years). The causes of injury included traffic accident in 9 cases, falling from height in 6 cases, and heavy pound injury in 6 cases. The time from injury to hospitalization was 1 to 4 hours with an average of 2.8 hours. According to Tile’s classification, there were 12 cases of type B and 9 cases of type C. After admission, bone traction and exo fixation were performed, and minimally invasive plate fixation was given at 5-24 days after injury. Results All incisions healed by first intention, and no complications of nerve and vessel injuries occurred. According to the reduction criteria of Matta radiography, anatomic reduction was achieved in 16 cases, satisfactory reduction in 4 cases, and fair reduction in 1 case. All patients were followed up 12 months. The X-ray films showed all fractures healed at 2-4 months (mean, 2.6 months). According to Majeed clinical evaluation, the results were excellent in 12 cases, good in 7 cases, and fair in 2 cases. Conclusion Minimally invasive plate fixation can provide effective fixation, reconstruct pelvic ring, and reduce perioperative complications in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures.
Objective To investigate the specific variables and influence factors of Harris scores in follow-up data of patients with internal fixation of femoral neck fracture. Methods From May 1999 to May 2004, 99 cases of femoral neck fracture receiving close reduction with cannulated screw and having complete follow-up data were evaluated in terms of age, sex, type of bone fracture (Garden classification), reduction time, reduction qual ity (Garden indicators), time of full weight-loading, removal of internal fixation, traction before operation, side of bone fracture, necrosis of femoral head, duration of follow-up and Harris score during follow-up period. Univariate and multivariate were analyzed by SPSS14.0 and SAS8.2. Results P-P probabil ity plot and normal test revealed the Harris scores were non-normal distribution (W=0.757 09, P=0.000 1). By nonparametric test in univatiate analysis, the following variables in Harris scores were of statistic significance: the time of reduction (U=— 2.289, P=0.022), the Garden classifaction (H=16.943, P=0.001), the time of full weight-bearing (U=— 3.069, P=0.002), the qual ity of reduction (U=— 3.448, P=0.001) and the necrosis of femoral head (U=— 4.723, P=0.000).By the analysis of correlation, the following variables in Harris scores were of statistic significance: Garden classification(rs=— 0.412, P=0.000), the time of reduction (rs=— 0.231, P=0.021), the qual ity of reduction (rs=— 0.348, P=0.000), the time of full weight-bearing (rs=— 0.310, P=0.002), and the necrosis of femoral head (rs=— 0.477, P=0.000). By the univariate logistic regression analysis, the following variables in Harris scores were of statistic significance: Garden classification (P=0.000 1), the time of reduction (P=0.012 6), the qual ity of reduction (P=0.000 3), the time of full weight-bearing (P=0.003 2), the traction before operation (P=0.049 2) and the necrosis of femoral head (P=0.000 1). By the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the influence factors of Harris scores rank included the necrosis of femoral head (P=0.000 1), the time of reduction (P=0.028 2), and Garden classification (P=0.000 7). Conclusion Harris scores is of non-normal distribution, and the necrosis of femoral head is the most important factor influencing the function after applying internal fixation with cannulated screws to femoral neck fracture.
Drug repositioning, also known as conventional drug in novel use, is the discovery of new indications or novel use of the drug. It has received more and more attention not only in the research and development of western medicine, but also gradually become popular in the research field of Chinese medicine. The new phase of drug repositioning research is based on computer technology, and its research methods and techniques keep up with the time. Network pharmacology is playing more and more important role in the study of drug repositioning. At present, the strategies used in the study of traditional Chinese medicine repositioning include small molecules (or ligands), drug targets and network theory. In this paper, the concept, research status, application status of Chinese medicinals repositioning and application status and strategy of network pharmacology are reviewed, in order to provide references for the study of drug repositioning in Chinese medicinal.
ObjectiveTo investigate the effectiveness of levator muscle resection combined with Mustarde’s double Z-plasty to correct blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES).MethodsBetween March 2015 and June 2017, one-stage operation of levator muscle resection combined with Mustarde’s double Z-plasty were performed on 26 children with bilateral BPES. There were 16 boys and 10 girls with an average age of 7 years (range, 4-14 years). All patients marked the four typical signs of BPES. There were 7 cases accompanied with a low nasal bridge, and 20 cases with amblyopia and strabismus. The length of eye fissure was (19.5±4.5) mm, the width of eye fissure was (2.5±1.6) mm, the diameter of inner canthus was (42.1±6.5) mm, and the muscular strength of levator palpebrae superioris was (5.5±1.3) mm.ResultsAll the incisions healed by first intention. Twenty-three patients were followed up 2-12 months, with an average of 10 months. Among which, 2 cases were less corrected, 3 cases were over corrected, 6 cases had poor curvature of the eyelid. No eyelid internal and external pronation or keratitis occurred. Amelioration of blepharoptosis and epicanthus was achieved in the other patients, and the double eyelid fold was naturally smooth. At 7 days after operation, the length of eye fissure was (27.2±1.9) mm, the width of eye fissure was (12.5±1.3) mm, and diameter of inner canthus was (29.4±2.6) mm, which were superior to preoperative values (t=0.127, P=0.042; t=0.341, P=0.029; t=0.258, P=0.038). There was no angular deformity caused by the width and length regressions of eye fissures.ConclusionThe levator muscle resection combined with Mustarde’s double Z-plasty can effectively correct BPES and obtain good effectiveness.
The theoretical innovation and new drug research on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases by activating blood circulation has been one of the most active and outstanding achievements in the field of integrated Chinese and western medicine for the past 60 years. Research on blood stasis syndrome (BSS) and activating blood circulation (ABC) was the first to be awarded the first prize of National Award for Science and Technology Progress in Chinese Medicine since the founding of the People's Republic of China. The research team headed by prof. Keji CHEN has obtained abundant research achievements. Taking coronary heart disease, a major clinical cardiovascular disease as the entry point, the team explored the development of the diagnostic criteria for the combination of BSS, the interpretation of the modern connotation of ABC, the development of a series of new drugs for ABC, clinical efficacy evaluation and mechanism of its action. It promotes the standardization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicine and forms high-quality evidence for clinical transformation. It has also made outstanding contributions to the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases with original features. In this paper, the history of prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases by ABC after the founding of the People's Republic of China was reviewed. The representative research findings of several domestic academic teams, including prof. Keji CHEN's team, over the past 60 years were expounded emphatically so as to provide reference for promoting and innovating research in activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis.