Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) after Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). Methods The following databases and periodicals such as PubMed (Jan. 1980 to Jan. 2009), MEDLINE (1980 to 2009), EBSCOhost (Jan. 1975 to Jan. 2009), CALIS (1984 to 2009), CNKI (1979 to 2007), VIP (1989 to 2009), CBM (1978 to 2009); Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1988 to 2008), Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (1996 to 2008) were searched by computer and handwork for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about TCM to treat CRS after ESS. The trial screening, quality assessment, and the data extraction of the included trials were conducted before performing statistical analyses by using RevMan 4.2.10 software. Results A total of 32 RCTs in three sub-groups in Chinese literatures were identified with meta-analyses in comparisons of the cure rate (OR=1.99, 95%CI 1.78 to 2.23), total effective rate (OR=2.66, 95%CI 2.20 to 3.22), degree I postoperative improvement rate (OR=2.22, 95%CI 1.60 to 3.06), total postoperative improvement rate (OR=8.77, 95%CI 1.09 to 70.64), postoperative clean time (OR=2.54, 95%CI 1.70 to 3.79), postoperative epithelization time (OR= –29.46, 95%CI –37.73 to –21.18), and mucociliary transport rate (OR=1.14, 95%CI 0.22 to 2.06). A total of 4 RCTs were meta-analyzed to evaluate the safety in comparisons of gastrointestinal reaction (OR=0.25, 95%CI 0.00 to 33.78) and local reaction (OR=0.03, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.12). Conclusion The current evidence shows TCM in treating CRS after ESS tends to improve the clinical efficacy and reduce the cure time without obvious adverse reaction. Due to the low methodological quality of included trials, more RCTs with high quality and large scale are required.