摘要:目的: 探讨选择性内皮素A受体拮抗剂BQ123对人喉癌Hep2细胞裸鼠种植瘤的生长及血管形成的影响。 方法 :将实验动物裸鼠随机分为3组:BQ123［n =8,2mg/(kg·day)］、氟尿嘧啶组［n =8,2mg/(kg·day)］、生理盐水组(n =8),比较各组裸鼠成瘤体积、微血管密度(MVD)。 结果 :BQ123组肿瘤体积为(162±053)cm3,明显小于生理盐水组及氟尿嘧啶组,差异具有统计学意义;BQ123组的肿瘤组织中MVD高倍镜下为232,明显低于生理盐水组(586)及氟尿嘧啶组(395),差异具有统计学意义。 结论 :BQ123对人喉癌Hep2细胞在裸鼠体内有明显抑瘤作用,肿瘤的体积、肿瘤组织MVD显著低于对照组,表明BQ123可通过抑制肿瘤血管生成而显著抑制肿瘤生长。Abstract: Objective: To study the effects of endothelin A receptor blockade BQ123 on the implanted human laryngeal carcinoma angiogenesis of nude mouse. Methods : From March 2008 to July 2009, 24 Balb/c nude mice were randomly divided into three groups: BQ123 group ［〖WTBX〗n =8, BQ123 at 2mg/(kg·day)］, 5Fu group ［〖WTBX〗n =8, fluorouracil at 2mg/(kg·day)］ and the control group (〖WTBX〗n =8, normal saline). The carcinoma volume and microvascular density of each group were compared. Results : The tumor size of BQ123 group, which was (162±053)cm3 in average, was significant smaller than the tumor sizes of the other two group s. The average microvascular density score of the tumors in BQ123 group was 232 per hyper power len (HP), which was also significantly less than the average scores of control groups (586 and 395 respectively). Conclusion : Nude mouse experiments show that the carcinoma volume and microvascular density of BQ123 group are significantly lower than those of the control groups. BQ123 inhibits the growth of carcinoma by its inhibition of carcinoma angiogenesis.
Objectives To investigate the disease composition and medical costs of in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2017. Methods To retrieve the records of patients with CKD, and to classify the main diagnosis of the first page of the medical record according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) standard. Data was analyzed using Excel 2010 and SPSS 19.0 software. Results A total of 11 650 CKD patients were included, with a sex ratio of 1.48 to 1. The patients were mainly young and middle-aged, accounting for 75.56%. The top 11 diseases of CKD patients were chronic glomerulonephritis, membranous nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, minimally pathological nephritis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, lupus nephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, chronic interstitial nephritis and purpuric nephritis. The per capita hospitalization days of CKD patients was 11.23 days, and the per capita medical expenses was 1.51 million yuan. Significant differences were found in different genders, ethnic groups, age groups, disease composition and CKD staging. The medical expenses of CKD patients were mainly medicine and inspection fees, accounting for 71.35%. Conclusions Inpatients of CKD in the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region have a heavy disease burden and large difference in their conditions.
ObjectiveTo systematically review the effectiveness and safety of thrombolytics for treating ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in China by network meta-analysis.MethodsThe PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, WanFang Data, and CNKI databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of thrombolytics for Chinese patients with STEMI from inception to October 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Statistical analysis was performed by WinBUGS 1.4.3 software and R 3.3.1 software.ResultsA total of 32 RCTs involving 3 164 patients with 7 types of thrombolytics were included. The results of network meta-analysis showed: the urokinase had lower reperfusion rate than tenecteplase (rhTNK-tPA), reteplase, alteplase, and pro-urokinase (all P values <0.05), however, had higher mortality or major adverse cardiovascular events rates than rhTNK-tPA, reteplase, alteplase, and pro-urokinase (all P values <0.05), and higher incidence of non-intracranial hemorrhage than those of alteplase and pro-urokinase (both P values <0.05). The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage had no statistical differences among different thrombolytics (all P values >0.05). The results of area under the cumulative ranking curve which ranked effectiveness of all thrombolytics showed that rhTNK-tPA had the best effectiveness and urokinase had the relative worst effectiveness among different thrombolytics.ConclusionsThe current evidence shows that domestic rhTNK-tPA may be effective in thrombolytic treatment. Due to limited quality and quantity of the included studies, more high-quality studies are needed to verify the above conclusion.
Dyspnea is the most common symptom in patients with acute heart failure syndrome (AHFS), and relieving dyspnea is an important goal in clinical practice, clinical trials and new drug regulatory approval. However, in clinical and scientific research, there is still no consensus on how to evaluate dyspnea, and there is still a lack of unified measurement methods. This article introduces the pathophysiological mechanism of dyspnea in acute heart failure, the measuring time of dyspnea, the posture of patients during measurement, the measuring conditions, and the common measurement methods of dyspnea in clinical trials and their advantages and disadvantages, so as to provide references for the selection of measurement methods of dyspnea in clinical trials of acute heart failure.
ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy of Chinese medicine injection (CMI) for treating heart failure (HF).MethodsCNKI, WanFang Data, VIP, The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMbase databases were electronically searched from inception to January 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on CMI for treating HF. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and evaluated the risk of bias of included studies. Network meta-analysis was then performed by RevMan 5.2 software and Stata 16.0 software.ResultsA total of 47 studies were included involving 4 902 patients and 5 types of CMIs, including Shenmai, Shenfu, Yiqi Fumai (lyophilized), Shengmai, and Danhong injections. The results of network meta-analysis showed that the efficacy of combined CMIs was superior to conventional Western medicine alone. For the main efficacy, Shenmai, Shengmai, and Shenfu injections had significant advantages in improving the total clinical effectiveness. Shengmai, Shenmai, and Yiqi Fumai (lyophilized) injections were significantly more effective for reducing NT pro-BNP levels than other injections. Shenfu and Shengmai injections were significantly more effective for reducing BNP levels than other injections. Shenmai, Danhong and Shengmai injections were significantly more effective for improving the left ventricular ejection fraction than the other injections. These CMIs showed similar advantages for secondary efficacy indicators as for main efficacy indicators.ConclusionsThe combined 5 types of CMIs for treating HF can improve the clinical efficacy when compared with conventional Western medicine treatment. Shenmai injection, Yiqi Fumai injection (lyophilized), and Shengmai injection, which is part of Sheng Mai San, have clear advantages in terms of the overall curative effect or on individual indices.
ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical data of 5 cases of congenital hyperinsulinemia with sizures as the initial symptoms. MethodsRisk factors in perinatal period, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, treatment and follow-up visits of 5 cases of congenital hyperinsulinemia with sizures as the initial symptoms were analyzed retrospectively, who were admitted to Department of Neurology of Jiangxi Children's Hospital from July 2012 to August 2016. Results5 children were all male. The onset time varied from 3 to 9 mouths old. All the cases presented seizures as the main clinical manifestations, persistent hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, low free fatty acid and hypoketonemia. During follow-up, treatment with diazoxide and dietary therapy was effective in 3 cases, pure dietary therapy ineffective in 2 cases. 3 cases manifested as acute symptomic seizures, 2 cases as remote symptomic epilepsy. During follow-up, 1 cases showed normal intelligence, 3 cases developmental delay, and 1 case dropout. ConclusionMost of the infants with congenital hyperinsulinemia presented seizures as initial symptoms. Severe hypoglycemia and long duration would damage brain, and early management may significantly improve the prognosis. The early diagnosis can be made by measuring fasting blood glucose, insulin, free fatty acid and, plasma β-hydroxybutyric acid, C peptide and so on. The majority of children were effective by diazoxide.
The master protocol platform trial is a trial in which multiple treatments or different combinations of treatments are consistently evaluated in the context of a single disease, possibly within several sub-studies for different disease subtypes, allowing multiple treatments to enter or exit the trial platform based on a certain decision algorithm. Compared with the traditional clinical trial design, the master protocol platform trial as a scientific innovative model of clinical trial can accelerate drug evaluation to deal with the contradiction between the awaited evaluation of numerous drugs and lack of effective therapy for diseases. By using the large-scale randomized controlled clinical trial for COVID-19 inpatients (RECOVERY) led by the University of Oxford in the UK in 2020 as an illustration, this paper introduced the concept, design principle, and basic trial process of the master protocol platform trial to provide methodological references for clinical research of drugs.
ObjectiveTo systematically review the difference in 30-day readmission rates among acute heart failure patients between real-world studies vs. randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MethodsPubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP and WanFang Data databases were electronically searched to collect clinical studies on 30-day readmission rates in patients with acute heart failure from inception to April 12th, 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Meta-analysis was then performed using Stata 16.0 software. ResultsA total of 33 real-world studies and 11 RCTs involving 106 722 subjects were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that the 30-day heart failure-related readmission rates in the real-world studies and RCTs were 10.8% (95%CI 9.3% to 12.3%) and 6.9% (95%CI 5.3% to 8.4%), respectively. The 30-day all-cause readmission rates in real-world studies and randomized controlled studies were 18.6% (95%CI 15.7% to 21.4%) and 14.2% (95%CI 12.0% to 16.3%), respectively. There were statistically significant differences between two kinds of studies (P<0.05). ConclusionsCurrent evidence suggests that the 30-day heart failure-related and all-cause readmission rates in patients of acute heart failure in real-world studies are significantly higher than those in patients of RCTs. Due to the limited quality and quantity of included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusions.