Objective To explore the certification management of specialty nurses in China based on the existent problems to provide evidence for practice and decision making for management of the specialty nurses. Methods The modified Delphi technique was applied in this study from July to December 2017. A structured consultation questionnaire based on expert interview and literature review was designed, and modified after preliminary experiment. Then the questionnaires were delivered to 32 nurse experts to complete 3 rounds of Delphi process, which reached consensus gradually. Results The response rates of three round consultations were 96.9% (31/32), 100.0% (31/31), and 96.8% (30/31), respectively. The suggestion rates were 25.8% (8/31), 16.1% (5/31), 0% (0/31), respectively. The familiar coefficient, adjustment coefficient and authority coefficient was 0.82, 0.87 and 0.85, respectively. The experts had the agreement finally for all of the 16 items in the consultation questionnaire, and they formed an expert opinion draft on specialty nurse certification and registration. Conclusion It’s crucial and essential to establish a certification and registration system in China and renew the credentials regularly to promote the management and construction of specialty nurse team.
Objectives To construct patient trust evaluation index system based on the background of hierarchical medical system, and to provide reference for the evaluation of the degree of patient trust on medical institutions and offer guidence to the implementation and further improvement of the hierarchical medical policy in China. Methods Based on literature review, the modified Delphi method was used to carry out 2 rounds of expert consultations from 11 experts in different fields to determine the indicators of patient trust evaluation index system. Results Questionnaire recovery rates of 2 rounds were 100.00% and 90.91%, the expert authority coefficient was greater than 0.75, the coefficient of variation of each index was less than 0.25, and the coordination coefficient of experts in the total index were 0.236 and 0.424 (P<0.001). Patient trust evaluation index system was preliminary constructed including medical environment, service trust, technical skills, pharmaceutical and equipment, the overall trust 5 first-level indexes and 20 level two indexes. Conclusions The patient trust evaluation index system can be used to evaluate patients' trust in different levels of medical institutions under the hierarchical medical system.
ObjectiveTo build core items of database for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rehabilitation medical database.MethodsRelevant factors in TBI database were summarized through database search in combination of acknowledged relevant items of TBI in rehabilitation medical database. Delphi method was used for experts to determine which items should be included by two rounds of questionnaires.ResultsThe average authority coefficient of experts was 0.94. After two rounds of questionnaires, 73 were included. Its contents include: general conditions, brain damage and disposal, relevant rehabilitation assessment scales, previous rehabilitation treatment, treatment expenses, and contents that require attention during re-evaluation.ConclusionsAfter two rounds of Delphi evaluation, the core items of database for TBI are identified with high recognition and consistency from experts.
ObjectivesTo use the Delphi method to preliminarily perfect the comprehensive evaluation index system which had been initially constructed by systematic review processes of diabetes food for special medical purposes (FSMP).MethodsThree rounds of expert consultation by Delphi method were compared to define indices held in the evidence-based comprehensive evaluation index system of diabetes FSMP and ways to distinguish effects.ResultsThe preliminary perfect index system after 3 rounds of expert consultation contained 4 primary directory indicators, 15 secondary directory indicators, and 20 tertiary indicators. Among them, the end index which could directly be used for evaluation contained a total of 27 indicators.ConclusionsThe index system is categorized into 4 segments of parameters, which are medical, nutritional, safety and other indices, which has addressed the problem posed by CFDA documents on how to scientifically validate the medical effect and safety of FSMP. It provides great significance to assess and supervise FSMP prior to and after it goes to public, assess characteristics and advantages of MNT, and improves nutrition economy and its social benefits.
As an important auxiliary means of pharmacoeconomics evaluation, budget impact analysis can effectively measure the affordability of medical insurance fund, and plays a significant role in the process of medical insurance access negotiation, adjustment of medical insurance reimbursement directory and establishment of payment price. The quality of budget impact analysis data has a great impact on the analysis results and the scientific decision-making. When the existing data cannot meet the requirements of the paper, relevant software is needed to carry out Delphi method to ensure the data accuracy. Infopoll is a powerful, easy-to-use application that designs consultation questionnaires by providing multiple question choices and multiple forms of answer settings, as well as detailed statistical charts for results analysis. This paper introduces how to obtain the data of budget impact analysis based on Delphi method using Infopoll software, and analyzes the main results in detail.
ObjectiveBy establishing a set of evaluation system for thoracoscopic clinical function and applicability, to evaluate and compare the advantages and disadvantages of different brands of thoracoscopes, and to provide some suggestions for the innovation and upgrade of thoracoscopes, especially for the domestic thoracoscopes.MethodsThe project coordination team initially formulated the evaluation index system for the clinical function and applicability of thoracoscope by querying literature and brainstorming. The Delphi expert consultation method was used to distribute questionnaires to the selected experts. Experts provided scores which were based on the importance of each indicator, and clarified the basis of their judgment and the familiarity with the evaluation indicators. After two rounds of screening by Delphi method, a thoracoscopic clinical function and applicability satisfactory questionnaire was formed. The appropriate sample for pre-investigation was selected, and the reliability and validity were tested. The index composition was adjusted based on the results of the test to form a final evaluation scale.ResultsThe project coordination team initially formulated 24 thoracoscope-related evaluation indicators. After two rounds of experts consultation, the item "brightness adjustment" was deleted without any additional entries. The positive coefficients of the experts in the first round and the second round were 100.0% and 80.0%, respectively. The two rounds of authoritative coefficients were 0.86 and 0.90, and the coordination coefficients were 0.272 (P<0.001) and 0.523 (P<0.001), respectively. A total of 140 questionnaires were issued in this pre-investigation. The recovery rate was 100.0% and the effective rate was 90.0%. The Cronbach's α value of the scale was 0.936, and the Spearman-Brown split-half reliability coefficient was 0.972. The factor analysis finally extracted 3 common factors. The total variance of the cumulative interpretation was 70.9%. The three common factors were named "operation related", "image related" and "device related".ConclusionThe evaluation index system developed in this study has good reliability and validity, and can be used as a tool to evaluate the clinical function and applicability of thoracoscopes.
ObjectivesTo construct a symptom assessment system suitable for surgical lung cancer patients, and to objectively evaluate the types and severity of postoperative symptoms in patients so as to provide evidence-based basis for the treatment of postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients.MethodsPostoperative symptom items of lung cancer were formed according to previous researches, literature review, the current lung cancer symptom assessment tools, and expert interviews. The Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert consultation and a postoperative symptom inventory was established for lung cancer patients.ResultsNine first-level symptom items were eventually formed: cough, pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, subcutaneous emphysema, insomnia, and constipation. The first round of active coefficient and authority coefficient of experts were 85.0% and 0.88, and the second round were 88.2% and 0.87. The Kendall coordination coefficients of the nine first-level symptom items were 0.47 (P<0.001) and 0.43 (P<0.001), respectively.ConclusionsThe evaluation system of postoperative symptom items for lung cancer patients is highly recognized by experts and has good consistency.
ObjectiveTo systematically review the application status of Delphi method in clinical research of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).MethodsPubMed, EMbase, CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP databases were electronically searched to collect original research and methodological research on Delphi method in TCM from inception to August 30th, 2020. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and then, descriptive analysis was performed by using qualitative methods.ResultsA total of 612 articles involving 573 original studies and 39 methodological studies were included, which involved 167 types of diseases. The primary research purposes were disease diagnosis and treatment, syndrome research, scale development, evaluation research, index research, clinical investigation, methodology research, and other 8 categories. 487 papers reported the implementation process and results of Delphi method in varying degrees.ConclusionsDelphi method is widely used in clinical research of TCM, however, there are deficiencies in the specific implementation process.
ObjectiveTo establish a systematic, scientific, and sensitive index system to provide a scientific basis for quality evaluation and comprehensive quality management of day surgery nursing.MethodsThe databases of Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, CQVIP, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to 15th July, 2019. Based on the “structure-process-outcome” management model, Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert consultation for nursing experts related to day surgery in five tertiary hospitals. The results of the consultation were sorted out and the consensus of experts was obtained, so as to determine the quality-sensitive indicators of day surgery nursing.ResultsA total of 20 nursing experts participated in the questionnaire survey. The final evaluation indicators determined by expert correspondence included 1 structural indicator, 9 process indicators, and 4 outcome indicators.ConclusionsThe construction of quality evaluation standard of day surgery nursing not only embodies the connotation of nursing management of day surgery, but also puts forward clear requirements and quality standards for specialized nursing management. It has high reliability, scientificity, and strong operability, which can effectively improve the quality of nursing management and service level of day surgery.
ObjectiveTo construct the occupational therapy core items oriented by life return for stroke patients, and provide a reliable tool to promote the comprehensive rehabilitation and successful return for stroke patients.MethodsFrom January to February 2020, the primary items were summarized through literature analysis and research group discussion, and then Delphi method was used to determine which items should be included by two rounds of experts consultation.ResultsA total of 22 experts were selected. After two rounds of experts consultation, 60 items in 6 domains were included. The effective recovery rates of the two rounds of experts consultation were both 100%, the mean expert authority coefficient was 0.87±0.54. In the two rounds of experts consultation, the importance scores of consulted items were 7.60±0.97 and 8.06±0.35, respectively; the variation coefficients were 0.14±0.05 and 0.11±0.03, respectively; the Kendall coefficients of concordance were 0.522 (P<0.001) and 0.578 (P<0.001), respectively.ConclusionThrough the Delphi method, the core items oriented by life return are identified with high recognition and consistency from experts, which can be used as a guideline tool for stroke patients in in-hospital occupational therapy, discharge guidance, and community/home rehabilitation.