Objective To evaluate the quality of undergraduate medical education so as to provide useful and effective feedback information for medical schools and to extend GMER (Global Minimum Essential Requirements in Medical Education) standard. Methods Through questionnaires, 205 resident doctors self-evaluated their abilities or qualities based on GMER standard. The unconditioned logistic regression model was used for data analysis. Results Graduates from undergraduate medical programs mastered the abilities or qualities required in 4 GMER domains i.e. “professional values, attitudes, behaviors and ethics”, “clinical skills”, “communication skills”, and “scientific foundation of medicine”. But the abilities or qualities required in “information management”, “population health and health systems” as well as “critical thinking and research” domains have not been obtained. The main factors that affected the evaluation results were corresponding training to the essentials, learner’s attitude, teaching models and teaching hours. Conclusion Educational sectors should adjust curriculum design so as to help medical students master the abilities required in the 3 domains stated above. Medical schools should conduct some educational research to formulate the most beneficial teaching methods, and import advanced ones to raise the quality of medical education in China.
Objective To evaluate the methodological quality of clinical trials on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) nursing in recent six years.Methods Such databases as CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data and CBM were searched for collecting clinical trials on TCM nursing published from January 2006 to September 2011, and domestic primary nursing journals were also searched from January 2010 and September 2011. Methodological quality of included studies was assessed using quality assessment criteria of the Cochrane systematic review guideline. Results A total of 854 clinical trials were retrieved, including 706 (82.7%) randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 108 (12.6%) quasi-randomized controlled trials and 40 (4.7%) non-randomized controlled trials. In the methodological quality analysis, the comparability of baseline was mentioned in 784 trials (91.8%), a total of 498 (58.3%) reported definite diagnosis criteria. 178 (20.8%) reported exclusive criteria. 831 studies (97.3%) applied relevant statistical methods properly. However, only 55 trials (6.4%) mentioned the method of randomization sequence. 10 studies (1.2%) described the method of randomiztion assignment. Blinding was mentioned in 22 studies (2.6%). 98 trials (11.5%) did prospective follow-up. 93 trials (10.9%) had safety description. 20 trials (2.3%) reported lost and with drawl cases, but only 2 conducted intention-to-treat analysis. It was hard to determine whether there was selective reporting bias or not because all the studies did not have protocols. Only 21 studies (2.5%) mentioned the lack of outcome indicators which could be the evidence for existing of bias. By annual analysis, there were 81 trials which conformed to at least 2 low risk criteria. 10 trials (12.3%) was published in 2009, 26 trials (32.1%) published in 2010, and 27 trials published by September 2011, indicated an uptrend. Conclusions According to the Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias, the overall quality of clinical trials on TCM nursing is low with defects in different degrees, but it rises gradually over years.
Objective To investigate patients in gynecological endocrinology clinic with the following three pieces of information: how did they provide their symptom information, how did they understand diagnostic and therapeutic information, and what was their attitude towards the visit, and to get to know about the situation and problems in doctor-patient communication, so as to aim directly at improving the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment. Methods A total of 403 patients, who visited Prof. HAN Zi-yan’s clinic in the hospital from April to August 2010, were evaluated using self-edited Assessment on Doctor-patient Communication in Gynecological Endocrinology Outpatient Clinic. Results a) As to the situation of patients providing symptom information as well as understanding diagnostic and therapeutic information, when doctor asked, only 29% (118/403) of patients could narrate their treatment history clearly, and 38% (152/403) could tell their examination history exactly. After doctors’ explanation, only 21% (86/403) understood their examination results correctly, and 27% (108/403) understood management and therapeutic advice. The result of correlation analysis showed the accuracy of patients in providing disease information and accepting diagnostic and therapeutic information was higher in patients aged from 21 to 40 rather than those younger than 20, in patients well- educated rather than those with little education at the primary school, and in patients who were also engaged in medical work, All differences were significant (all Plt;0.05); and b) As to patients’ attitude towards visit, 55% (222/403) of patients hoped to get more attention from doctor, and 37.5% (151/403) overly expected the visit. Conclusion In the professor’s gynecological endocrinology outpatient clinic, many patients can’t clearly provide their treatment and examination history, neither understand exam situation and therapeutic advice at that visit, which are influenced by their age, education and occupation. In addition, psychological needs of patients should be concerned, too
Objective To evaluate the methodological and reporting qualities of randomize controlled trials involving MTC (microwave tissue coagulation) therapy for cervical erosion. Methods Through computer and handsearch, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and/or quasi-randomized controlled trials (quasi-RCTs) were collected. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using quality assessment criteria of Cochrane systematic review guideline, and the reporting quality was assessed using the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) checklist.Results Eleven clinical controlled trials (CCTs) were included. Three were RCTs and eight were quasi-RCTs. The methodological and reporting qualitiy of the included studies was generally low (10 trials ranked Level C, and the maximum CONSORT score was only 17).Conclusions The quality of the CCTs involving microwave therapy for cervical erosion is generally low with a high risk of biases. And the reporting of these trials is also incomplete. Therefore, more randomized controlled trials of high quality are required to provide reliable evidence.
Objective To evaluate the quality of Chinese literatures on the methodology of D-dimer diagnostic test. Method We searched CNKI (1994 to 2006) and CBM (1978 to 2006) for articles involving the diagnostic tests of D-dimer for coagulation disorders. Result A total of 63 relevant articles were retrieved and 7 were included in our review. Only one of these provided useful data on two two table for the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy. Conclusions Few studies on the diagnostic tests of D-dimer have been performed and publ ished in China, all of poor quality. Further studies should focus on clinical diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, so as to provide more valuable information for readers.
Objective To evaluate the quality of controlled trials on 131I therapy for thyroglobulin positive and radioactive iodine negative metastases（131I WBS-/Tg+）. Methods We electronically searched MEDLINE (1966 to Mar. 2004), EMBASE (1984 to 2003), The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, CENTRAL (Issue 2, 2004), CBMdisc (1978 to 2004) and CNKI (1994 to 2004), and handsearched 5 radiotherapy and endocrinology journals (Jan. 1980 to Apr. 2003). The methodological quality of included studies was assessed by using quality assessment criteria of the Cochrane systematic review guideline. Results Three non-randomized controlled trials were included. One was historical controlled trial, and two prospective trials. The sample sizes of three trials were 26, 60 and 70 respectively without mentioning the calculation base. The comparability of baseline was mentioned but not comparable across the trials. No double blind studies were used in the assessment of 131I efficacy. The time of follow-up varied from 2 to 15 years. None studies mentioned the side effects of 131I therapy for 131I WBS-/Tg+ metastases. Only two studies applied statistical methods properly. Conclusions Problems about allocation of groups, double blind, sample size, and follow-up period continue to exist in published controlled trials. RCT or prospective controlled trials of high quality are urgently needed in order to define the efficacy and safety of 131I therapy for 131I WBS-/Tg+ metastases.
Objective To evaluate the current situation of the design of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Clinical Anesthesiology, Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology and Chinese Journal of Pain Medicine from 1999 to September in 2003. Method The clinical therapeutic studies in the three journals from 1999 to September of 2003 were hand searched over page by page to identify strictly the randomized controlled trials according to Chinese Cochrane Center hand search guideline. Results 412, 378 and 142 papers of the three journals were published, among which, there were 237, 221 and 68 papers of RCT. Conclusions Although the quality of RCT in the three journals has been increased significantly year by year, but there still exist some problems. The quality of RCT papers needs more improvement to guarantee RCT to be more precise as it demands.
National Center for Medical Service Administration of National Health and Family Planning Commission of China was established at the beginning of 2015. It is mainly in charge of developing and managing standards of medical technology and organizing their implementation, and giving technical guidance and consulting for evaluation of medical institutions. The foundation of the center fills in the blank of lacking central administrative department of the guideline development and evaluation. This paper introduces the definition and the function of clinical practice guideline, and analyzes the current situation, problems and challenges of domestic guidelines, and proposes some potential suggestions on improving the quality of Chinese guidelines from national level for promoting the standardization, scientification and transparency of clinical practice guidelines in China.
Objective To assess the quality of budget impact analysis in China and Canada. Methods We searched databases including PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP from inception to 1st November, 2016, to collect studies about budget impact analysis. Two reviewers independently screened literatures, extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. Results 27 literatures were included. The mean grades of Chinese and Canadian literatures were 3.8 and 5.5, respectively. Some Chinese studies did not explicitly clarify the research perspective. Few studies in China were conducted according to budget holders’ perspective and with a short time horizon, or examined the results using sensitivity analyses responsive to the uncertainty surrounding future market developments, or compared between current and comparator scenarios. These deficiencies were not conducive to scientific and rational decision-making. Conclusion The quality of budget impact analysis is relatively low in China. It is needed to establish uniform budget impact analysis guideline to improve quality to guide decision making.
In order to promote the effective development of hospital day surgery mode, a construction method of information management platform that meets the characteristics of day surgery mode is presented. By analyzing the business process of the day surgery mode, the system architecture of the information platform is given; according to the difficulty of the surgical scheduling, the two-stage surgical scheduling algorithm based on the ranking theory is given; by analyzing the day surgery data statistically, a multi-angle surgical index analysis module is provided. The information management of the day surgery mode has been realized, and the work efficiency has been improved. A reasonable day surgery information platform construction can help to optimize the daytime surgical procedure and promote the smooth development of day surgery.