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find Keyword "Rational use of drugs" 2 results
  • A Systematic Review of National Drug Policy in Seventeen Countries

    Objectives To analyze the development and implementation of the national drug policy in order to provide decision-making for the establishment of the Chinese national drug policy. Methods Nineteen electronic databases, the WHO, the World Bank, and governmental websites were included in this study. A pre-designed data extraction form was used to collect information. The data were analyzed and described by a pre-designed analytic framework. Result A total of 182 studies were included in this review. The main points of common concern in the national drug policy were: drug regulation and quality assurance, rational use of drugs, drug supply, the selection of essential drugs, human resource development and training, traditional medicine, drug financing and affordability, drug research, monitoring and assessment of the nation drug policy, technical cooperation, and the national pharmaceutical industry. The selection of essential drugs, quality assurance, supply, pricing, and supply of traditional medicine were gradually carried out in China. Pharmaceutical research, monitoring and evaluation, as well as the development of pharmaceutical industry and technical cooperation within it should be further strengthened. Conclusion China should establish related organizations and working procedures; speed up the implementation of the legislation of national drug policy; integrate the mechanism of essential drugs selection and supply system; regulate the order of medicine production and regulation; establish scientific and reasonable pricing mechanisms for drugs and assessment systems; strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of national drug policy and update and improve the national drug policy.

    Release date:2016-09-07 02:10 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Analysis and Comments on Emergency Department Prescriptions between 2012 and 2013 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University

    ObjectiveTo probe into the writing quality and rational use of drugs for Emergency Department prescriptions in West China Hospital of Sichuan University. MethodsFrom January 2012 to December 2013, the prescriptions for emergencies were selected randomly. According to prescription management method and standard management of hospital prescription comment requirement, the quality of prescription was analyzed. ResultsFrom 2012 to 2013, the qualified prescription rate increased from 91.45% to 96.70%. The average number of drugs on each prescription was 1 or 2; the utilization rate of antibacterials was below 20.00%; the utilization rate of essential drugs increased from 60.68% to 66.15%; the utilization rate of generic drug name approached 100.00%. However, the utilization rate of injections increased from 82.92% to 85.67%. ConclusionBy prescription reviews, we have listed the problems, and intervened irrational prescription to improve the rate of qualified prescriptions. The high rate of injection utilization is a warning for us to take more effective, more specific and stricter intervention measures.

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