Objective To explore the impact of different tracts on the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on complete staghorn calculus.Methods Patients with complete staghorn calculus who underwent single channel PCNL by the same surgeon in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from October 2009 to August 2019 were included. The removing time, the rate of immediate stone removal, the average extubating time, and the incidences of postoperate complications such as fever and bleeding were analyzed statistically.Results A total of 379 patients were included. There were 146 cases in the upper tract group, 170 cases in the lower tract group and 63 cases in the middle tract group. Compared with the upper and middle tract groups, the lower tract group had shorter stone removing time [(50.34±18.52) vs. (53.41±22.75) vs. (41.79±17.45) min, P<0.001], shorter average extubating time [(5.53±1.83) vs. (6.17±1.44) vs. (4.96±1.91) d, P=0.007]. The rate of immediate stone removal was higher in the the upper tract group (40.56% vs. 32.79% vs. 34.71% ), but there was no statistical difference among the three groups (P=0.447). There was no significant difference among the three groups in the fever incidence (25.44% vs. 24.24% vs. 26.85%, P=0.938) or bleeding incidence (3.54% vs. 3.03% vs. 4.03%, P=1.000). In addition, there were 8 cases of pleural injury in the upper tract group.Conclusions Compared with the lower and middle tract, PCNL with upper tract has a higher rate of removing stones for complete staghorn calculus, but there was no significant difference among the three groups. The incidences of bleeding and fever after surgery are similar in the three groups, but the risk of pleural injury may be increased in the upper tract group.
ZHANG Yu, BAI Yunjin, TANG Yin, WANG Jia, WEI Wuran. Effect of different tracts of percutaneous nephrolithotomy on the efficacy of complete staghorn calculus. Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, 2021, 36(8): 1068-1071. doi: 10.7507/1002-0179.202001005