目的 观察腹膜后巨淋巴结增殖症的治疗效果，探讨其临床表现、影像学特点、诊断、病理及治疗方法。 方法 30岁女性患者1例，因反复腹泻、右上腹胀2个月余，发现右侧腹膜后肿物20 d，于2011年8月22日入院。患者在全麻下行腹膜后肿物切除术。手术3个月后，复查腹部CT、血常规、生化等检查。并结合文献进行综述。 结果 手术过程顺利，完整切除肿物，术后病理检查示病变为巨淋巴结增殖症，透明血管型。术后3个月患者门诊随访，恢复良好，复查腹部CT未见肿物复发，血常规、生化等检查均无异常。 结论 该病较为少见，病因尚不明确，确诊需依赖病理组织学活检，手术切除为首选治疗，且预后好。
ObjectivesThe present network meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the potential efficacy and safety of various surgical approaches in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia with enlarged prostate.MethodsPubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.gov and CNKI databases were electronically searched to identify eligible studies. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and evaluated risk of bias and the ADDIS 1.16.8 software was used to conduct meta-analysis.ResultsA total of 23 studies involving 2 849 patients with 5 approaches including open prostatectomy (OP), holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), plasmakinetic/bipolar plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PK/BPEP), transurethral vaporization of the prostate (TUVP), and laparoscopic prostatectomy (LSP) were included. HoLEP, PK/BPEP and OP were superior to the other methods in improving the objective indicators and subjective feelings of patients during both short and medium-term follow-up. However, compared with OP, HoLEP and PK/BPEP were observed to result in a significantly lower hemoglobin level (MD=1.65, 95%CI 0.35 to 4.41; MD=2.62, 95%CI 0.64 to 2.90), longer postoperative irrigation time (MD=4.67, 95%CI 1.29 to 10.66; MD=2.67, 95%CI 1.32 to 6.63), as well as indwelling catheter after operation (MD=1.64, 95%CI 0.48 to 4.15; MD=2.52, 95%CI 0.60 to 3.78). In terms of short-term complications, PK/BPEP (RR=0.45, 95%CI 0.13 to 1.29) was found to be significantly lower than that of OP.ConclusionsHoLEP and PK/BPEP can be probably used as a superior treatment option for large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia because of its better curative effect, higher safety and quick postoperative recovery.
ObjectiveTo explore the impact of different tracts on the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on complete staghorn calculus.MethodsPatients with complete staghorn calculus who underwent single channel PCNL by the same surgeon in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from October 2009 to August 2019 were included. They were retrospectively and statistically analyzed in the rate of immediate stone removal, the removing time, the average extubating time, and conditions such as fever rate and bleeding rate were analyzed statistically.ResultsA total of 379 patients were included. There were 146 cases in the upper tract group, 170 cases in the lower tract group and 63 cases in the middle tract group. Compared with the lower and middle tract groups, the upper tract group had longer stone removing time [(50.342±18.52) vs.(41.79±17.45) vs.(53.41±22.75) min, P<0.001], shorter average extubating time [(5.53±1.83) vs.(4.96±1.91) vs.(6.17±1.44) d, P=0.007]; The rate of immediate stone removal was higher in the the upper tract group (40.56% vs. 34.71% vs. 32.79%), but there was no statistical difference between the three groups (P=0.447). There was no significant difference between the three groups in the fever rate (25.44% vs. 26.85% vs. 24.24%, P=0.938) and bleeding rate (3.54% vs. 4.03% vs. 3.03%, P=0.946). In addition, there were 8 cases of pleural injury in the upper tract group.ConclusionsCompared with the lower and middle tract, PCNL with upper tract has a higher rate of removing stones for complete staghorn calculus, but with a longer removing time. The rates of bleeding and fever after surgery are similar in three groups, but the risk of pleural injury may be increased in upper tract group.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the inguinal approach versus classical pubic approach for obturator nerve block (ONB) in transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TUR-BT).MethodsDatabases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, WanFang Data, CNKI and VIP databases were electronically searched to identify randomized controlled trials using ONB in TUR-BT from inception to May 2020. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed risk bias of included studies. Meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 14.2 software.ResultsA total of 7 studies involving 474 patients were included. The meta-analysis results showed that there was no significant difference between inguinal approach and pubic approach in terms of the ONB success rate (RR=1.06, 95%CI 0.96 to 1.17, P=0.23), while the one-time success rate of puncture of inguinal approach was higher than that of pubic approach (RR=1.47, 95%CI 1.01 to 2.15, P=0.04). Compared with the pubic approach, the overall complications of inguinal approach were lower (RR=0.24, 95%CI 0.08 to 0.71, P=0.01). However, no significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of subcutaneous hematoma (RR=0.46, 95%CI 0.08 to 2.66, P=0.38).ConclusionsThe current evidence indicates that the success rate of one puncture of inguinal approach is higher than that of pubic approach, and the overall complications of the inguinal approach are much lower than that of the pubic approach. However, the above conclusions are still required to be verified through more high-quality studies due to the limited quantity and quality of included studies.
ObjectiveTo summarize the experience of earthquake rescue with the help of wise information technology.MethodsThe Jiuzhaigou earthquake of magnitude 7.0 occurred at 21:19 on August 8th 2017. Three hours and 38 minutes after the earthquake, a triad model of remote consultation, mobile video consultation and mobile text consultation was established to assist the earthquake rescue based on the mobile on-line medical consultation application and telemedicine center in West China Hospital. Patients classification, primary diagnosis, psychological counseling, victims searching were done by this novel rescue model.ResultWithin 72 hours after the earthquake, there were 114 doctors taking part in the earthquake rescue, including 4 remote consultations (hospital to hospital), 7 video consultations (doctor to victim), 487 mobile text consultations (doctor to victim), and 32 cases of which were highly relative to earthquake rescue, including one case of positioning for victim-searching.ConclusionThe triad model of earhquake rescue which was first initiated by West China Hospital played an important role in assisting earthquake rescue and achieved good results.