Objective To systematically review the medication adherence in children with tic disorder to assist in the selection of clinical treatment options and enhance the efficacy of medications for tic disorder.Methods Databases including Medline (Ovid), EMbase (Ovid), The Cochrane Library, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), CINAHL Plus (EBSCOhost), CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP were searched from inception to August 2020, and original studies on medication adherence in children with tic disorder were included. Two researchers independently screened literature, extracted data on the definition of compliance, compliance rate, and factors affecting compliance, and evaluated risk bias of included studies. Systematic review was performed to analyze the status of medication adherence in children with tic disorder.Results A total of 12 studies were included, involving seven randomized controlled trials, two case series studies, and three cross-sectional studies. Most studies failed to specify the definition of compliance. The results of cross-sectional studies showed that the proportion of children with good medication compliance was 29.3% to 47.1%. The first-line treatment drugs, tiapride, risperidone, aripiprazole, and clonidine, had relatively good adherence. Medication adherence was affected by drug factors, patient and family factors, and environmental factors.Conclusions The adherence rate of medications for tic disorder varies between studies. Few studies have analyzed the factors that affect medication adherence for tic disorder, and some influencing factors are controversial. The first-line treatment drugs, tiapride, risperidone, aripiprazole, and clonidine, have high medication adherence and are recommended for clinical use.
CHENG Xiao, YANG Chunsong, ZHANG Chuan, ZHANG Lingli. Systematic review of medication adherence in children with tic disorder. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine, 2021, 21(5): 586-592. doi: 10.7507/1672-2531.202012024