The West China hospital of Sichuan university has underwent four times emergency medical rescue (EMR) of earthquakes, measuring 5.7 Ms to 8.0 Ms on the Richter scale, happened at Wenchuan, Yushu, Yiliang and Lushan in recent 5 years, which gradually improved and supplemented Wenchuan experience. After Lushan earthquake, a total of 392 patients were received during 2 weeks. Among 321 hospitalized patients, there were 39 (12.15%) patients with critical injury and 14 (4.36%) patients who needed intensive care. 184 operations were performed. Based on the experiences of resource centralization, multidisciplinary cooperation, and hierarchical management, zero death, a new medical record, has been achieved among 43 patients with critical injury after centralized admission and treatment. A total of 12 medical rescue teams involving 88 healthcare workers were sent to the epicenter to join and guide EMR. Besides, rehabilitation and psychological experts came to Lushan on the first day of earthquake, and started clinical intervention of mental and physical health for people needed on the second day.
Objective To provide baseline date for further research by retrospectively investigating the disease constitution of over-60-year old patients in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University in 2011. Methods The information of over-60-year old outpatients was extracted from HIS and their diagnoses were classified by ICD-10. The data of single disease among top 3 categories of diseases were rearranged and analyzed by Excel software. Results The total of over-60-year old outpatients was 895 123 person-time in 2011, accounting for 19.65%, including 716 826 person-time in specialist outpatient clinics. The specialist diagnoses of 683 491 person-time could be classified by ICD-10, accounting for 95.35% of specialist outpatients. The top 12 diseases were neoplasm, circulatory, digestive, factors influencing health status and contacting with health services, respiratory, musculoskeletal system and connective tissues, nervous, eyes, symptoms/signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, non-classified, mental and behavioral disorders, endocrine, and genitourinary system diseases, and the cumulative constituent ratio was 92.96%. The main pathogenic sites of neoplasm were bronchus and lung (21.98%), esophagus (8.66%), stomach (8.10%), rectum (7.37%), prostate (5.86%), and liver and intrahepatic bile ducts (5.55%), with a cumulative constituent ratio of 57.72%. The main disease burden in circulatory system was hypertension (39.50%), chronic ischaemic heart disease (11.17%), and cerebral infarction (9.70%), and the cumulative constituent ratio was 60.38%. While the main disease burden in digestive system was gastritis and duodenitis (24.98%), other diseases of digestive system (9.26%), and other diseases of liver (8.90%), and the cumulative constituent ratio was 43.13%. There were more female than male among the over-60-year old outpatients (50.67% vs. 49.33%), and male was higher than female only in the incidence of neoplasm, respiratory, factors influencing health status and contacting with health services, and genitourinary system diseases. The disease constitution ratio of 60-69 years old patients was 58.21%. The top 3 neoplasm were the malignant tumors in digestive (38.20%), respiratory and intrathoracic organs (24.70%), and lymphoid, haematopoietic and related tissue (11.97%), with a cumulative constituent ratio of 74.87%. Conclusion The top 3 disease burden of over-60-year old outpatients in West China Hospital were neoplasm, circulatory and digestive diseases, which reflects the trend and law of treatment demands of old patients. It needs to deeply analyze the frequency and flow pattern of patients, and to provide evidence for preventing and treating geriatric diseases.
Objective To collect and analyze the data of emergency medicine supply for both Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes victims in the West China Hospital, so as to provide evidence for scientifically and efficiently carrying out the logistical support for emergency rescue medicines supply, and improving the coping capacity for those similar public health emergencies. Methods Both medicine constituent ratios and DDDs were taken as evaluation indexes, and the data were input by Excel software. Then the following items were analyzed: the use and cost of emergency medicine for victims admitted in the hospital from one day to one month after earthquake, as well as, the acceptance, allocation and use of the donation medicines for both Wenchuan and Lusan earthquakes. Results During the first month after Lushan earthquake, the victims used 26 categories of medicines involving 455 drug specifications in the West China Hospital. The dosage and DDDs of therapeutic medicines were higher than those of ancillary medicines. The donation medicines for Lushan earthquake accepted by the hospital were in 8 categories involving 16 drug specifications, and they were all used to rescue the victims in the hospital. Based on the hospital emergency medicine supply system oriented by the information of victim’s medicine use, the drug specification and total drug cost of the donation medicines for Lushan earthquake decreased by 90.91% and 89.73%, respectively, indicating a more accurate and efficient system compared with those for Wenchuan earthquake. Conclusion The implementation of the hospital emergency medicine supply system oriented by the information of victim’s medicine use is helpful to improve the time efficiency and pertinence of earthquake medical rescue.
Objective To explor the influence of the hospital-community-family mental rehabilitation mode on the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia. Methods We selected 101 patients diagnosed as schizophrenia according to ICD-10, who were hospitalized in mental health center of the West China Hospital and took part in rehabilitation voluntarily after discharge. Those patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Hospital-community-family mental rehabilitation mode intervention was applied to the patients based on inpatient rehabilitation in the trial group (n=52), while inpatient rehabilitation alone was applied in the control group (n=49). The total score of quality of life, psycho-social dimension, motivation and energy dimension, score of mental disability and social function, and family social care index were recorded. Then, statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17.0 software. Results After 3 months and 6 months, the trial group had lower scores of the total score of quality of life, psycho-social domain, and motive and energy dimension than those of the control group (Plt;0.05). After 6 months, the trial group had lower scores of mental disability and social function (Plt;0.05) but a higher score of family social care index (Plt;0.05). The scores of WHO-DSA II and SQLS were positively correlated, while the scores of APGAR and SQLS were negatively correlated. Conclusion The integral mode of hospital-community-family mental rehabilitation effectively improves the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia, which also positively improves patients’ rehabilitation.
Objective To investigate the association between costs of hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus and their complications in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University, so as to provide baseline data for further research. Methods We extracted the hospitalization case data of hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus who were discharged from the department of endocrinology and metabolism, or discharged after being transferred to other departments for treatment from January 2011 to December 2012, using the hospital information system (HIS) of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University. The data included baseline of hospital patients, discharge diagnosis, hospitalization costs, and if their medical insurance had been registered in hospital. Then, we classified the diseases according to ICD-10 based on discharge diagnosis, coped the data using Excel 2010 software, and conducted statistical analysis using SPSS 13.0. Results a) In 2011, acute and chronic diabetes complication in diabetes inpatients were 11.9% (166/1 396) and 67.1% (930/1 396), respectively. Most of them had peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease. b) The most frequently-occurred complications were hypertension, followed by dyslipidemia, and osteoporosis. c) The median hospital stay was 13 days (7 to 9 days), and the median total cost of hospital/person-time was 6 578.88 yuan (4 186.93 to 10 953.89 yuan). d) The total cost and duration of hospitalization increased along with the increasing number of the chronic complications of diabetes. e) The diabetic foot patients were 255 person-times, the median duration of hospitalization was 18 days (13 to 29 days), and the median total cost of hospital/person-time was 16 672.19 yuan (10 903.93 to 28 530.37 yuan). Diabetes patients with foot complication had higher total costs and longer duration of hospitalization than those without foot complication. Conclusion Diabetes mellitus is one of the most important diseases in the department of endocrinology and metabolism, which is heavy disease burden. The costs of hospitalization and chronic complications are closely associated. Among these complications, diabetic foot is the heaviest disease burden.
Objective To analyze the costs of emergency medication in the West China Hospital within one month after Lushan earthquake based on actual medication of the victims’ disease spectrum. Methods We collected emergency medication data as evaluation index in the West China Hospital within one month after Lushan earthquake, including daily cost, cumulative percentage of pharmacology category, average cost per day/person, average cost per day/person when DUI=1, difference between average cost per day /person, and average cost per day/person when DUI=1, etc. Then, we input data using Excel software for statistically analyzing the costs of emergency medication within one month after the earthquake. Results During one month after the earthquake, the costs changed consistently with the number of victims, which implied the change of costs was rational. Injuries were classified into 6 categories and 12 kinds according to ICD-10. The costs of medication accounted for 71% of the total costs. Six kinds of illness accounted for 21%. Medication for injuries was classified into 3 categories and 18 kinds; average cost per day was 186.87 yuan and average cost per person was 1 702.70 yuan. Medication for illness was classified into 5 categories and 28 kinds; average cost per day was 38.96 yuan and average cost per person was 185.13 yuan. The mean value of average cost per day/person of injection was 14.52/5.08 times more than that of non-injection. Meanwhile, the mean value of average cost per day/person of imported medication was 7.10/5.28 times more than that of domestic medication. Conclusion The factors that impact the medication costs include: a) disease burden and traumatic conditions of the sick and wound; b) administration pathway (injection vs. non-injection); c) imported or domestic medication; and d) the rationality of taking DUI as evaluation index. When DUIgt;1, injection through the vein and imported medication take a larger share which increase the costs of medication. Emergency rescue package should mainly prepare for the injury. In order to ensure the timely, safe and effective medication, injection should be given priority to. We also should take into consideration crash-resistance/anti-quake package, reasonable dosage, convenience-to-use of drugs as well as the needs of the illness.
Objective To investigate the financial burden of in-patients with thyroid diseases in the West China Hospital in Chengdu, Sichuan province, from January 2011 to December 2012, so as to provide baseline data for further research. Methods The data of in-patients (who had been discharged from the department of endocrinology and metabolism or discharged after being transferred to other departments for diagnosis and treatment in the West China Hospital in 2011) were collected from the Hospital Information System (HIS) of the West China Hospital, including basic information, initial diagnosis when the patients were discharged, hospital costs, the information about whether the patients had been registered the insurance in hospital, etc. We classified diseases according to ICD-10 based on the initial diagnosis when the patients were discharged on the first page of case reports. The data were input using Excel 2010 software, and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0 software. Results The results showed that: a) in 2011, 205 person-times were hospitalized in the department of endocrinology and metabolism, of which, 84 were male and 121 were female, with mean age of 45.3±15.7 years; b) for patients with thyroid diseases, median hospital stay was 10 days, the average cost of hospital stay for each patient was RMB 2 881.43 yuan, most of which was for lab tests and examination; c) the person-times of patients with hyperthyroidism was 162, accounting for 79.5% of the total of thyroid diseases, median hospital stay was 10 days, and the average cost of hospital stay was RMB 2 958.36 yuan; and d) there was no association between the number of hyperthyroidism complications and hospital stay and costs. Conclusion Thyroid diseases are a commonly-seen disease in the department of endocrinology and metabolism, of which, hyperthyroidism accounts for the most. There is no association between the number of hyperthyroidism complications and hospital stay/costs.
Objective Through the analysis of hospital costs of 16 866 cases of patients with lung cancer in Sichuan Province, in oder to find the main influencing factors of hospital costs of patients with lung cancer, and to provide references for reducing the hospital costs of patients with lung cancer. Methods We selected information of in-patients with lung cancer in 6 hospitals in Sichuan province from January 2008 to December 2011 based on full consideration into the local economic levels geographics distribution of different regions in Sichuan province. Then we extracted baseline data, hospitalization data and costs, and then analysis on relevant influencing factors was performed using single factor analysis of variance and multiple stepwise regression analysis. Results A total of 16 918 cases are chosen, of which, 16 866 were effective for further analysis. The results of statistical analysis showed that, the cost of western medicine accounted for the most of the average of the total hospital costs (50.79%) , followed by the cost of diagnosis and treatment (40.79%). The reuslts of multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that, the top three factors influencing hospital costs most included hospital stay, operation, and regions. Conclusion Facing daily increasing costs of hospital costs of lung cancer, effectively reducing drug expenses of patients could be a breakthrough. We could ultimately reduce the hospital costs of patients with lung cancer as well as the the economic burden of patients and society, by strengthening hospital management, shortening hospital stay, and rationally regulating drug use.
Objective To analyze the rationality of emergency medication in the West China Hospital after Lushan earthquake based on the actual drug use of earthquake victims. Methods We applied DDDs and DUI as evaluation index, input data using Excel software, and analyzed if the emergency medication was required for the injury/illness and the rationality of emergency medication. Results Earthquake victims mainly had trauma and wound infection and they were given antibiotics as main treatment one week after the earthquake. Drugs for the respiratory system and digestive system were mainly used in patients who mainly manifested as non-traumatic diseases and internal diseases four weeks after the earthquake. Among 49 kinds of drugs which could be calculated for the value of DUI, injection accounted for a larger proportion than non-injection (59.18% vs. 40.82%). The results showed that, the medication (DUI=1) only accounted for 12.24%; the medication (DUIlt;1, Mean=0.65) accounted for 38.78%, which implied insufficient drug use; the medication (DUIgt;1, Mean=1.77) accounted for 46.94%, which implied drug overuse. Conclusion Medication for every system is basically timely and rational when treating symptoms and causes in the West China Hospital within one month after Lushan earthquake. However, the rationality of emergency medications using DUI=1 under normal conditions still needs to be further verified.
Objective To investigate financial burden of in-patients with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland/gonad diseases in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 2011, so as to provide baseline data for further research. Methods The data of in-patients (who had been discharged from the department of endocrinology and metabolism or discharged after being transferred to other departments for diagnosis and treatment in the West China Hospital in 2011) were collected from the Hospital Information System (HIS) of the West China Hospital, including basic information, initial diagnosis when the patients were discharged, hospital costs, the information about whether the patients had been registered the insurance in hospital, etc. We classified diseases according to ICD-10 based on the initial diagnosis when the patients were discharged on the first page of case reports. The data were input using Excel 2010 software, and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0 software. Results The results showed that: in 2011, 352 person-times of in-patients with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland/gonad disease as first diagnosis were hospitalized in the department of endocrinology and metabolism, of which, 139 were male and 213 were female, with mean age of 42.9±15.0 years; and b) median hospital stay was 11 days, the average cost of hospital stay for each patient was RMB 4 361.09 yuan, most of which was for lab tests, examination, and biomedicine cost. Conclusion Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland/gonad diseases are an important health problem in the department of endocrinology and metabolism in a Triple-A Hospital. Most of hospitalization costs are for lab tests, examination, and biomedicine cost.